The diamond is one of the most popular gemstones in the world today. Simply put, diamond is a hardened version of carbon. The name “diamond” itself comes from ancient Greek, where it translates into “unalterable” or “unbreakable.” According to history, diamonds were first found and mined in parts of India almost 6,000 years ago. Unlike other stones, diamonds are extremely hard and are virtually impossible to break. When the locals realised its significance, they started treating it as a gemstone, and often associated it with many religious deities.
As a result, the popularity of the diamond continued to grow. Due to its sturdy nature, diamonds were used on the front end of knives for carving and engraving purposes. With the passage of time, people began to use diamonds for adornment purposes as well. The trade began to grow, and gemmologists began cutting diamonds into smaller and more delicate pieces to use with different jewellery items. Today, diamonds are widely used in making different kinds of rings. A diamond is probably the safest bet for people who are about to propose to their partners, or who just want to give gifts. However, it’s important that you read a few diamond reviews before you go shopping for any diamond jewellery. The price of the diamond generally varies based on four factors that gemmologists refer to as the 4 Cs.
The first factor is the cut of the diamond. When you talk about the cut of the diamond, you are primarily referring to the proportions of the gem, rather than its actual shape. Some of the common cuts include pear, marquise, round brilliant, and princess cut. Irrespective of the shape, the brilliancy of the diamond mainly comes from the cutting and polishing of each facet, which maximises the amount of light entering the stone.
In their natural state, diamonds are transparent. However, in some cases, the diamond might have a natural colour due to the hardening process over time. The grading ranges from transparent diamonds to light yellow diamonds.
Most people think that the clarity of the diamond is determined by the amount of light that enters the stone. That’s not true. Instead, the clarity of the diamond is determined by the flaws and blemishes on the surface. A clear diamond would not have any blemishes or flaws on the surface at all. The gemmologist will view the diamond under 10x magnification to determine its clarity. However, it’s very rare to find a diamond that doesn’t have any flaws at all.
The unit of measuring the weight of the diamond is the carat. As the carat weight of a diamond increases, its price rises as well. The carat weight is divided into 100 points. Therefore, if the gemmologist determines that a diamond has a carat weight of 80 points, you can say that it weighs 0.8 carats.